Globally, abject poverty and human rights abuses continue to present serious challenges to humanity: it would be impossible to achieve sustainable development without equity and inclusion. For example, according to the Millennium Development Report, over 1 billion people worldwide live on less than one dollar a day and over double that number lack access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Many groups, particularly, indigenous groups and women, are excluded from most legal decision-making processes. In international law, many questions remain, including how the principles of international environmental law, and international human rights law, can lead to sustainable development. In international human rights instruments such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and their optional protocols, also the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change which recognizes the special needs of least developed states and states that are particularly vulnerable to consequences of climate change, are increasingly relevant to sustainable development. With likely agreement on a global Sustainable Development Goal on equity and poverty eradication, there is a pressing need for robust and original international legal research and education, building international legal expertise, capacity and advice in developing countries.